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Post a Smart Offer

In this tutorial, you will learn how to post a smart offer managed by your own maker contract that simply stores inbound and outbound tokens on its balance.


  • The tutorial assumes knowledge of solidity development.
  • Follow preparation to create a new tutorial folder.
  • Open your favorite solidity editor inside that folder.
  • It is assumed that the ADMIN_ADDRESS has enough native tokens to complete the steps. (If you're using the foundry setup in Set Up Your Local Environment then the ADMIN_ADDRESS is set to one of the Foundry test addresses with some native tokens.)

Simple maker contract (offer logic)​

We want to create a new contract OfferMakerTutorial to implement an offer logic and utilize the Direct contract in our strat-library for this purpose. Direct provides a safety harness to make it easier to correctly interact with Mangrove, you can read more about it here.

Start by creating a new OfferMakerTutorial.sol file in the src folder, and add the following pieces:


Add the imports we are going to need, along with a standard solidity preamble.

OfferMakerTutorial.sol - Preamble


Next, add the contract and the code for the constructor.

We will skip some details here, which you can read more about later; routers, gas requirements, and deployment scripts.

Note: we also implement the ILiquidityProvider interface which makes the contract compatible with what the SDK expects.

OfferMakerTutorial.sol - Contract and constructor

Add offer management functions​

The abstract contract Direct has internal functions that allows one to manage offers: _newOffer for posting offers, _updateOffer for updating existing offers and _retractOffer for unpublishing offers from Mangrove. We need to expose these functions in a restricted manner, so that only the administrator of the contract can manage offers. We expose them through functions matching the ILiquidityProvider interface.

See OfferArgs for an explanation of the parameters for posting an offer.

Also see provision, gasreq, and offer list.

Add the below code to your contract.

OfferMakerTutorial.sol - Offer management functions

Emit in Posthook​

When using our new contract, we can inspect traces and addresses but illustrative purposes, let's insert the following to emit an event in the posthook when the offer is successfully taken.

OfferMakerTutorial.sol - Emit in Posthook

There are more hooks to enable the Mangrovian abilities of last look and more advanced reactive liquidity.

Local test​

The contract is now complete - you can see the full example by following the links to github.

But before deploying it on-chain, we should test it!


First, compile the contract:

forge build

Start local node​

Before proceeding, import the environment variables made as part of the preparation

source .env

Start Foundry's local node anvil to test things locally before broadcasting to the real chain, with $RPC_URL coming from .env and pointing, for instance, to the Polygon network.

anvil --fork-url $RPC_URL

Create contract on chain​

Start another terminal and import environment variables again

source .env

Now, create the OfferMakerTutorial contract on the anvil node with your private key by pointing to its local rpc-url, and supplying the parameters for Mangrove core contract (get it from Addresses for the network you have forked). You can also add it to your .env file.

export MANGROVE=<contract address> # 0xabcd.... 
forge create "OfferMakerTutorial" --private-key "$PRIVATE_KEY" --rpc-url $LOCAL_URL --constructor-args "$MANGROVE" "$ADMIN_ADDRESS"

Note: you might need to add the --legacy argument.

The output should look like:
[β ’] Compiling...
No files changed, compilation skipped
Deployer: 0xf39Fd6e51aad88F6F4ce6aB8827279cffFb92266
Deployed to: <contract address>
Transaction hash: 0xcfbe7503081ba9a749ee30fac8c40bfe19e0a5da665578ed00f40ce72694ca06

Take a note of the Deployed to address and save it in a variable:

export OFFER_MAKER=<contract address> # 0xabcd..., the address of the newly deployed contract

Activate the contract​

In this tutorial, we will use the WBTC/DAI market. Make sure to set variables with the tokens address into your .env file.

Note: the example token addresses are for the Polygon Mumbai testnet.

export WBTC=0x2Fa2e7a6dEB7bb51B625336DBe1dA23511914a8A
export DAI=0xc8c0Cf9436F4862a8F60Ce680Ca5a9f0f99b5ded

We have to let Mangrove pull the outbound token from our new contract - we can use the activate function for that.

cast send --rpc-url $LOCAL_URL "$OFFER_MAKER" "activate(address)" "$WBTC" --private-key "$PRIVATE_KEY"

Post an offer​

Now that the contract is ready, we can use it to post an offer - note that we have to provision the offer, and we do that by sending some native tokens to newOffer.
In our example, we are offering 1 WBTC (gives) at tick 50 (tick 50 means the price ratio is 1.0001^50).


Later, if you'd like to take your own offer with a market order for testing purpose, it would be handy to have your offer at the very top of the book (i.e. with the best price possible). To do this, you could post your offer with the smallest tick (-887272), or use the MIN_TICK constant in your test contract.

cast send --rpc-url $LOCAL_URL "$OFFER_MAKER" "newOffer((address, address, uint), int, uint, uint)(uint)" "($WBTC,$DAI,1)" 50 100000000 0  --private-key "$PRIVATE_KEY" --value 0.01ether

Instead of trying to parse the logs, we can make a note of the transactionHash at the end of the output and use local execution to see the offerId returned by newOffer.

cast run <transactionHash>

Which would output the following tail:

└─ ← 0x0000000000000000000000000000000000000000000000000000000000000002

Transaction successfully executed.
Gas used: 200843

0x0000000000000000000000000000000000000000000000000000000000000002 is the offer id.

Locking liquidity​

If the offer was now taken, it will fail to deliver the promised liquidity. It promises up to 1 WBTC, but the contract has no WBTC to deliver. We can fix this by sending some WBTC to the contract:

cast send --rpc-url $LOCAL_URL "$WBTC" "transfer(address,uint)" "$OFFER_MAKER" 100000000 --private-key "$PRIVATE_KEY"

If you do not have the liquidity in your wallet, check Getting tokens below, and come back to this step afterwards.


One of the big benefits of Mangrove is that liquidity does not have to be locked in - we will have a look at that in the Unlocking Liquidity guide.

Getting tokens​

If the admin (acting as a maker) does not have required WBTC tokens then the smart offer will fail when taken.

Note: this true in this particular case where we need to lock liquidity in our contract - that's how we designed it. Using a router, you can unlock your funds, and your offer could still be posted - your smart offer can source liquidity elsewhere on-chain.

If you don't have any WBTC, you can get some by using the following commands (taken from foundry documentation), or the corresponding faucet. Just look for a token holder with large amounts of WBTC - you can check the list on Polygonscan. Also, remember to add the chosen address under $LUCKY_USER in your .env file.

# Display the amount of WBTC in the admin wallet 
cast call $WBTC "balanceOf(address)(uint256)" $ADMIN_ADDRESS

# Impersonate the LUCKY_USER before making a transfer of 1 WBTC to our admin wallet
cast rpc anvil_impersonateAccount $LUCKY_USER
cast send $WBTC --unlocked --from $LUCKY_USER "transfer(address,uint256)(bool)" $ADMIN_ADDRESS 100000000

# Verify that the transfer was successful
cast call $WBTC "balanceOf(address)(uint256)" $ADMIN_ADDRESS

Update an offer​

In a similar fashion, we can make use of the updateOffer function inside our contract. We will need the offer ID from earlier - let's add it in a variable:

export OFFER_ID_HEX=<0xabcd...> # the hexadecimal offer ID captured when posting the offer
export OFFER_ID=$(($OFFER_ID_HEX)) # the decimal ID of the offer captured above

Now, we can update our offer, for example by changing the amount of WBTC we give to 0.1:

cast send --rpc-url $LOCAL_URL "$OFFER_MAKER" "updateOffer((address, address, uint), int, uint, uint, uint)(uint)" "($WBTC,$DAI,1)" 50 10000000 "$OFFER_ID" 0 --private-key "$PRIVATE_KEY" --value 0.01ether

To update an offer, here's something to keep in mind:

  1. To change the volume offered => change gives (example above)
  2. To change the price of the offer => change tick
  3. To change both volume and price => change gives and tick

Retract an offer​

We can also remove our offer from the book, using retractOffer. Note that we don't need to provide a provision in this case, since we are pulling the offer off the market. We will actually get back our provision with that configuration.

cast send --rpc-url $LOCAL_URL "$OFFER_MAKER" "retractOffer((address, address, uint), uint, bool)(uint)" "($WBTC,$DAI,1)" "$OFFER_ID" true --private-key "$PRIVATE_KEY"

Next steps​

  • You could publish the contract on mainnet by stopping Anvil and replacing the --rpc-url $LOCAL_URL in the above create, activate, and approve commands with --rpc-url $RPC_URL - and finally, the newOffer with sensible prices.

  • To get a view of the order book, the Mangrove UI can be used, or you can use the SDK.

  • To get a better understanding of how tokens flow between taker, maker, Mangrove, and maker contracts like OfferMakerTutorial, see Mangrove Offer.

  • You can also add more features (such as reneging trades or unlocking/reactive liquidity) to your smart offer by looking at the next sections of this doc!

  • At some point, you will need to measure the gas requirements of your smart offers - this page will give you pointers on how to do this.